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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76-79

Successful surgical treatment for congenital vaginal agenesis accompanied by functional uterus: A report of two cases

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Medical Center, Fukuoka, Japan
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ryosuke Tsunematsu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Medical Center, 1-8-1, Jigyo-Hama, Chuo-Ku, Fukuoka 810-8563
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/GMIT.GMIT_124_18

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We present two cases of congenital vaginal agenesis with functional uterine corpus, manifesting with periodic lower abdominal pain and hematometra in adolescence. Both patients were successfully treated with the creation of neovagina and neocanal structures to discharge menstrual blood; this may also facilitate the preservation of fertility. Both cases were characterized by degrees of congenital vaginal agenesis, whether short or completely absent, with no communication between the uterine cavity and external genitalia, as confirmed by physical examination and imaging. We surgically reconstructed a neovagina with the modified McIndoe's procedure, using an artificial skin graft, and canalized to the caudal portion of the uterine cavity. Although redilatation of the neocanal was required, no patient suffered severe infection in postoperative course and both now exhibit regular menstruation. Although hysterectomy has classically been the preferred treatment for such cases, recent technical progression enables treatment of such diseases with conservative and minimally invasive surgery, in a safe manner.

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