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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 123-130

Single-incision mini-sling for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: Is it actually inferior to transobturator vaginal tape and tension-free vaginal tape?


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Medical Center Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, “Filippo Del Ponte” Hospital, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Simone Garzon
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, “Filippo Del Ponte” Hospital, University of Insubria, Piazza Biroldi 1, Varese 21100
Italy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/GMIT.GMIT_78_19

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Objectives: The aim of the study was to report the extended long-term results of the use of single-incision mini-sling (SIMS), tension-free vaginal tape (TVT), and transobturator tape (TOT) for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the University Medical Center Ljubljana. Materials and Methods: Enrolled women were evaluated by Patient Global Impression of Severity (PGI-S), Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I), Sandvik severity scale, Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6), Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7), and Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence (ICIQ-UI) Short Form and data about diagnosis, procedures, complications, reoperations, postoperative results, and satisfaction with procedure were recorded. Results: In analyzed group of patients (n = 357), 116 (32%) underwent SIMS procedure, 189 (53%) TOT, and 52 (15%) TVT. The SIMS, TOT, and TVT groups did not differ significantly from each other in PGI-S, PGI-I, Sandvik severity scale, UDI-6, IIQ-7, and ICIQ-UI Short Form or in postoperative complication rate. Repeat surgery was needed in 9.5% after SIMS, in 13.2% of TOT patients and in 23.1% of TVT patients (P = 0.194). Urinary retention occurred in 9.5% of the SIMS patients, in 9.5% of the TOT patients, and in 13.5% of the TVT patients (P = 0.682). Mesh erosion/inflammation occurred in 3.4% of the SIMS patients, in 6.3% of the TOT patients, and in 3.8% of the TVT patients (P = 0.485). Conclusion: The efficacy and safety of SIMS, TOT, and TVT in the surgical treatment of SUI are comparable. The choice of the technique should be based on the relative pros and cons of techniques and the surgeon's experience.


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